Rilli – The Traditional Quilt Of Sindh

Sindhi Rilli Art

A Colourful Rilli Quilt

Pakistan is world famous for its unique handmade products. One of these is Rilli which is significant part of Sindhi culture. The women of this region possess special skills to manufacture this hand-crafted quilt called Rilli. They use fabrics of different sizes and colors to prepare a Rilli.  It is mostly used as bed sheetsquiltswall hangings and shawls. The art and colors of Rilli are fascinating and represent various cultural elements of rural Sindh. Rilli is also a popular gift item and can be purchased in many verities at most handicrafts shops.

Thar Culture & Rilli Craft

Thar Culture & Rilli Craft

Multi-colored pieces of cloths are stitched together in different ways to prepare a Rilli which is usually used as a quilt with colorful stitched fabrics as top cover and multiple layers of cotton fabric as inside filler. It is skillfully stitched from one corner and around the border till all surface thread-work reaches the center.

In the typical rural areas of Sindh, Rilli is much more than a household or gift item. It is part and parcel of a bride’s dowry articles. These days Rilli is also used in interior designs as decoration item or in upholstery. Inspirations of Rilli can be seen in textile and fashion garments these days.

Traditional Dress Of Jammu & Kashmir

A wonderful group of Kashmiri girls in traditional Pheran performing the Kashmiri folk dance.

A wonderful group of Kashmiri girls in traditional Pheran performing the Kashmiri folk dance.

Jammu & Kashmir is the most beautiful part in the South Asian region, which is full of widely varying people, rich culture and scenic geography. Administratively, these days, Jammu & Kashmir has a territorial dispute among three countries; Pakistan, China and India. Pakistan controls the northwest portion (Northern Areas and Azad Kashmir), India controls the central and southern portion (Jammu and Kashmir) and Ladakh, and China controls the northeastern portion (Aksai Chin and the Trans-Karakoram Tract). However, without going into this occupational controversy, the people of Kashmir are famous in the world for their traditions, customs and hospitality. The Kashmiri people usually practice IslamHinduismand Buddhism and speak Urdu, Kashmiri, Pahari, Hindi and Ladakhi languages.

This is not feasible to cover the whole Kashmiri culture and tradition in one article. In this article, we’ll try to highlight the dress culture of Jammu & Kashmir. The dominating religion of Jammu & Kashmir is Islam, so the Kashmiri Muslim community loves to dress up with “Pheran”.Pheran , the traditional dress of Jammu & Kashmir is a long loose shirt which hangs down below the knees along with a white turban tied on a skull cap, a close-fitting trousers and lace less shoes called Gurgabi.

Kashmiri girls wearing the traditional Pheran.

Kashmiri girls wearing the traditional Pheran.

The Pheran for Kashmiri women is more stunning and graceful with the heavy embroidery and has broad sleeves. Pheran is considered a combination of Indian and Iranian clothing. TheHindu Kashmiri women also use Pheran as their dress with a little distinction. A Hindu woman’s Pheran touches her foot which is tied at the waist with folded material called lhungi. Their dress is fully embellished with brocade including the head-dress called Taranga.

For the Kashmiri Hindu woman or a Muslim woman, one thing is common i-e the charm for the ornaments. With the splendid ornaments, the women of Jammu & Kashmir love headgears, arm glistens, necklaces and earrings. The additional ornament for the Hindu women may be “Dhareejo” which is the typical mangal-sutra for them. As the women of Jammu and Kashmir are known the best for their beauty, the use of these type of jewellery adds more plus in their magical appearance.

The traditional dress of Jammu & Kashmir is unique in the whole Indian Sub-Continent as it comes from various cultural backgrounds.